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1.            INTRODUCTION

 

               The Royal Malaysian
Navy (RMN), is one of the branches of the Malaysian Armed Forces and the
leading agency responsible for the operation of the country’s maritime
surveillance and defense operations. The RMN had covers about 600,000 square
kilometers, including the coastal area and the Exclusive Economic Zone (ZEE).
The RMN also responsibility for controlling the country’s major Sea Lines of
Communications (SLOC) lines such as the Straits of Melaka and the Singapore
Strait. The RMN also oversees national interest in areas with overlapping
claims as in Spratly waters. The responsibilities that have given such a great
load to be carry to our Navy People especially the officer.  Meanwhile, the job comes with the
responsibility. As an part of government agency, RMN was not missed a few cases
relates to the corruption.  Which have
about 50 thousand staff in organization. A big issue to handle it and to
control corruption among the man.

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2.            UNDERSTANDING THE CORRUPTION AND HOW TO OVER
COME

 

            It
is good to establish what we understand by the term ‘corruption’. There are
various definitions and understandings as to what exactly corruption. The
definition most frequently used by social scientists is Nye’s1,
that corruption is: “behavior which deviates from the normal duties of a public
role because of private-regarding money or status gains; or violates rules
against the exercise of certain types of private-regarding influence. This
includes such behavior as bribery nepotism; and misappropriation. This can be
simplified to a general definition that will be used for the purposes of this
paper: the abuse of public office for private gain.

 

            Although
defining corruption in this way is convenient, it should not be considered a
rigid framework for ruling what should or should not be considered corrupt.
Different nations and cultures have differing conceptions of corruption;
legally, in terms of public interest, and in public opinion.  Furthermore, certain corrupt exchanges and
gift giving may be engrained within the culture of the society and so are not
considered by those involved, to be corrupt.  Like Royal Malaysian Navy as one of Malaysian
Armed Force it was include that same way that describe the term of corruption.

 

            As
Gardiner notes2,
“There are nations where official corruption has been widespread for many years
with no visible signs of public outrage 
The reason for this may be, as the analysis on the benefits of
corruption reveals, there are instances when ‘corrupt’ activities seem to be
beneficial to development.

 

            Providing
a universal definition of corruption is not possible because of the diversity
of customs, norms and mores in this world. 
Activities that are viewed as corrupt by some, are considered wholly
acceptable by others.  We would then
expect to find, and in point of fact do find, widely varying definitions of
corruption within the legal statues from country to country, within the hearts
and minds of the body politic of the nation. 
It is not the purpose of this essay to explore all of the varying
definitions, but in sum, a review of the literature does show three common
elements in the definition of corruption.

 

            First
of all is the public officials, who misuse their positions of trust and/or
authority.  Secondly, in the course of
their official duty, for some personal or private advantage to the benefit of
an additional part.  If the public
official committed the illegal acts only to benefit themselves, that would
still be criminal of course, but it would not be classified as corruption;
corruption involves at least one other party working in conjunction with the
public official in the illegal context, for their mutual gain.

 

            These
three common denominators notwithstanding, academics continue to emphasize the
difficulty in defining corruption, stressing its relative nature and pointing
to the great diversity in the statues from nation to nation.

 

The article from The Star, Thursday, 26 Mar 2015 ” MACC confirms arrests of 16 over purchase of naval assets.” PETALING JAYA: The Malaysian
Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) has confirmed the arrests of 16 suspects,
including six Royal Malaysian Navy officers, over alleged corrupt practices in
procuring naval assets and parts.

 

A
total of 240 accounts worth RM23mil, including RM5mil in stocks, were also
frozen and items – RM200,000 in cash, several luxury watches (Loius Vuitton,
Patek Philippe, Tag Heuer and Frederique Constant) and 13 luxury vehicles
comprising Lamborghini, BMW, Mercedes-Benz and Audi – were seized. MACC
director of investigation Datuk Mohd Jamidan Abdullah said the suspects were
nabbed on March 9 and 11 in Kuala Lumpur, Manjung, Ipoh and Lumut.

 

“The
naval officers hold the rank of Commanding Officer, Lieutenant Commander, Naval
Lieutenant and Senior Aircraftman while the rest are business owners and their
middlemen,” he said in a statement here yesterday. Jamidan said the suspects
were released after being remanded for between seven and 10 days.

 

“Investigation
is still ongoing. They are being investigated under Section 17(a) of the
Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission Act 2009, Section 4 (1) of the Anti-Money
Laundering Act, Anti-Terrorism Financing Act 2001 and Proceeds of Unlawful
Activities Act 2001,” he said. On Tuesday, the navy had transferred six of its
officers suspected of corruption.

 

This
comes after staff from the RMN Lumut base were arrested over corrupt practices
in procuring naval assets and parts. MACC, which found the officers living a
luxurious lifestyle beyond their pay grade, also arrested nine civilians who
were suppliers and contractors to the navy.

 

“Navy
duo deny taking RM2mil” Thursday, 10 Sep 2015 The Star.

IPOH:
Two Royal Malaysian Navy (RMN) officers have claimed trial in the Sessions
Court here to corruption charges involving more than RM2mil.  Kapten Abdul Aziz Gaffor, 54, faces seven
counts totalling RM1,052,120.60, while Leftenan-Komander Khairul Izwan Mohd
Khir, 37, faces five counts amounting to RM1,500,000.00.

 

They
allegedly committed the offences while serving as commanding officer and
Material 2 control officer respectively at the RMN Armada Supplies Depot in
Lumut.  Judge Ahmad Rihaida Rafie set
bail at RM56,000 (RM8,000 for each charge) with one surety for Abdul Aziz and
RM40,000 (RM8,000 for each charge) with one surety for Khairul Izwan.  The court also fixed Oct 8 for remention of
both cases.

 

On
the first charge, Abdul Aziz is accused of receiving a Rolex watch worth
RM57,071 from a company owner, Hussin [email protected], at No.16, Persiaran
Venice Intan 5/1, Desa Manjung Seri Manjung, Manjung, in March 2014.  On the second count, he is accused of
receiving a cheque for RM300,000 from Hussin through a Maybank account
belonging to AD Julian Lawrence at the Maybank Lumut branch on Oct 26, 2014.

 

Abdul
Aziz is also accused of receiving a telegraphic transfer for RM30,000 from
Hussin through a CIMB account belonging to Zuraifah Syahirah Khalid at Lembaga
Tabung Haji, Sitiawan, Manjung on Nov 18, 2014. 
He allegedly received a CIMB cheque for RM60,000 on Dec 10, 2014 and
real-time electronic transfer of funds and securities of RM300,000 on Oct 26,
2014 through AD Julian’s Maybank account at CIMB Bank, Seri Manjung.

 

On
the sixth and seventh charge, Abdul Aziz allegedly received a Bank Islam debit
card worth RM267,904.60 and a Vertu mobile phone worth RM37,145 at No.16,
Persiaran Venice Intan 5/1 in December last year.  Meanwhile, Khairul Izwan is accused of
receiving RM200,000 and RM500,000 on Feb 9 and Feb 12 this year from Hussin
through an Affin Bank account belonging to Khairul Azmie Ali Sophian at Affin
Bank, Sitiawan branch.

 

He
is also accused of receiving RM500,000 and RM200,000 on Feb 16 and Feb 27 from
Hussin through an Affin Bank account belonging to Khairul Azmie at Affin Bank’s
Sitiawan branch.  On the fifth charge,
Khairul Izwan allegedly received a CIMB debit card worth RM100,000 from a
company owner, Mohd Nasir Abdullah, at CIMB Bank’s Seri Manjung branch on Jan
7, 2014.

 

The prosecution was led by DPP Mohamad
Suffian Jaafar. Abdul Aziz was represented by counsel Zamri Idris, Mohd Fadly
Hashim and Collin Arvind Andrew, while Norhasham Hasan represented Khairul
Izwan. – Bernama

 

            There
were show that, how the corruption can destroy our organization within only one
group that have no sense of belonging to their service. It comes to worst when
money becomes everything and no think further.

 

            It
will be recalled that in the previous election, the government was returned on
the slogan of “Bersih, Cekap, Amanah”. 
Yet in spite of this, the level of corruption in the country increased
to a worst level.  In fact, corruption
had become a fact of life – some may even say a way of life.  Corruption had become such a worry that, even
Dr. Mahathir acknowledged that corruption was now “above the table”.  It may be recalled that when Dr. Mahathir
became Prime Minister in 1981, he stated that he would “put  the fear of God into the corrupt”.  Evidently corruption proved to be more
intractable than he thought and the nation slide further down the slippery
slope of corruption.  Their worries make
an issue today and it really happed on this day. Like newest Chief of Navy
said, corruption it’s become easy and hard to demolish.

 

            Transparency
International, which compiles an index of the perceived level of corruption
from a sample of 99 countries, placed Malaysia in the 29th place in
1988.  By 2003, we had dropped to the 37th
position. Malaysians were becoming resigned to the fact that they had to live
with corruption, as the government’s efforts to fight corruption was not
showing results.  The mandate given to
Datuk Seri Abdullah Ahmad Badawi was therefore a mandate to fight corruption
and indicated the growing fast among Malaysians, that not enough was being done
to fight corruption.  Now here was a
leader who had correctly felt the pulse of the nation and what Malaysians felt
should be done.  A few high profile persons
were charged in court, and Malaysians felt that the problem was at last being
tackled in a proper way.

 

            The
ruin effects of corruption are well known. 
It is like a cancer that spreads and eventually everybody suffers.  The countries like Argentina and Brazil are
good examples of what happens when corruption is left to make as remark. The
middle class and poor were virtually destroyed in these countries and were
reduced to begging. Corrupt officials and politicians had funds out of the
country and the middle class and poor could not even make use of their savings
because banks had closed because of the government’s monetary action.
Fortunately Malaysia has not reached this level.  We as part of agency was not missed because
of differences level job.

 

            Increasing
cases of corruption in Malaysia can be attributed to a number of reasons.  Malaysia as everybody knows had set itself a
target to become a developed nation by 2020 – “Vision 2020”. In order to
achieve this, it was thought that Malaysia should accelerate its growth in the
early years, as growth in a mature economy would be slower.  For instance in most of the developed
economies, a 3% or 4% growth could be considered extremely good.  This rush to growth theory therefore resulted
in a dramatic increase in investment expenditures which in 1997 had reached RM
117 billion. Money flowed to fund development projects, which become
increasingly bigger as the years went-by. 
This was the age of the so-called “Mega Projects”, which saw a mix
between politics, business and government. 
The practice of good governance took a back seat and an gripped the
nation’s businessmen.

 

            That
said, Segal3
(1994) point out that in general, corruption will be the highest when there are
low risks/low costs, low levels of trust in agency, and high potential
returns/benefits.

 

            Going
a bit beyond this, we can make the following thirteen general statements based
on the available literature.  High levels
of corruption are associated with motivational strategies and situational
strategies.

 

            There
are two general motivational strategies being utilized at present, namely
increasing the costs of engaging in corruption, and increasing the rewards for
engaging in legitimate activities like increase the costs of engaging in
corruption.  The idea is that corruption
is a crime of calculation. If we wish to see a behavior change, we cannot
control the size of the corrupt, but we can increase the certainty of worry and
the badly of punishment.  The problem is
that enhanced penalty badly is meaningless if there is no together increase in
the certainly of punishment.

 

 

            Improve
the terms and conditions of legitimate employment.  It has been repeatedly demonstrated that
increasing the salaries and improving the working conditions of public
officials, significantly reduces the scope and extent of corruption, most
particularly in the developing  nations
where salaries are so low like it happens on RMN now.  Improving the working conditions and
increasing the income of particularly the low paid public servants, can reduce
the scope and extent of corruption.

 

            As
Mr. Lee Kuan Yew, Singapore’s Minister Mentor recently pointed out, where
corruption is rife, it will not be easy to reduce or eradicate it.  Combating corruption will therefore take
time, resources, commitment and concerted action.  But at least we must ensure that it does not
get worse, while taking steps to reduce or eradicate it.  It is better to light a single candle than to
continue to curse the darkness. 
Strangely enough, the increase in corruption coincided with the public
sector becoming less multi-ethnic.  I
have not seen any empirical evidence to suggest that a multi-ethnic force will
always result in less corruption. 
Corruption is not an ethnic phenomena. 
Presumably it felt that a multi-ethnic force could result in less abuse
and corruption.

 

            “Most people know
corruption when they see it. The problem is that different people see it
differently” – Corruption in International Business, Harvard Business School
March 29, 2001.  A
further word about increasing income is in order.  Some of the most corrupt individuals are the
most wealthy, and in a causal context, they were often wealthy to begin with
and used their wealth and position in a corrupt fashion to further stuff their
bank accounts, and increase the scope and magnitude of their power. As a same
case that happen to the naval officer at Lumut recently. Increasing the income
of these types of individuals will obviously do nothing to reduce the level of
their involvement in corruption.  The
idea that is proposed is to increase the salaries of the low-paid line level
government workers which will reduce, but certainly not eliminate, the extent
of corruption in a line level context.

 

“6 RMN officers in corruption case transferred,
monitored closely” – March 23,
2015 New Straight Times: KUALA
LUMPUR: Six Royal Malaysian Navy (RMN) officers and personnel in Lumut, who
were earlier detained in connection with a corruption case while on official
duty, have been transferred to other departments and locations.

RMN Chief, Admiral Tan Sri Abdul Aziz Jaafar said the six
would also be monitored closely as part of the ongoing investigation while
closely liaising with the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC).

 

“We are in good terms with the MACC and I believe that
everyone is innocent until proven guilty before the court,” he told reporters
after attending the RMN Rank Promotion Ceremony at KD Gombak here today.

Meanwhile, Abdul Aziz said RMN would further tighten
measures to prevent inappropriate behavior among its personnel.

 

“We encourage and welcome the public, RMN officers and
personnel to report or provide any form of input on identifiable inappropriate behavior,
regardless of corruption, misappropriation of funds or abuse of power directly
to me via Twitter account or office number,” he added.

 

Recently, it was reported that 11 people, including six RMN
officers and personnel in Lumut who were detained in connection with a
corruption case were released. – BERNAMA

 

            Do we need hear this
anymore? Absolutely not right. As an agency that people proud, RMN must take
immediate action to overcome this issue. 
In the end however, a singular effort to
combat corruption will never be sufficient. 
When treating a badly infected wound, a broad spectrum of antibiotics
administered over a long period of time is needed.

 

            I
wish to again emphasize the thought that while a longitudinal, multi-level
effort is needed, the key component is to develop RMN openness and
transparency, which will lead to greater levels of public trust.  As that trust is developed, an innate,
willingness of the people, the body politic, to obey the unenforceable will be
forged and in time embedded deep into the culture.  The elimination of corruption truly awaits
the development of such a normative anti-corruption mentality among the staff.  It has been suggested somewhat, that
corruption in various forms is embedded in the social-cultural DNA of all
nations.  I would concur, but it is now
time to begin the long, evolutionary process of subduing that regressive RMN
again.

            For
a variety of reasons, the impacts of corruption are beginning to be openly
recognized in a global context. 
Hopefully researchers will soon obtain a deeper understanding of this
phenomenon, and subsequently how to minimize its negative impacts.  Hopefully, and most importantly, the staff of
each department and each level will “resist, reject, and report” to the
authority council.

 

3.         CONCLUSION

 

            In
the final analysis, the moral fibre and integrity of a nation is determined by
men at the top.  Malaysia has been
fortunate to have men of strong leadership and commitment with sound principles
to lead the nation.  The present Prime
Minister is a man of the highest integrity. 
It is right that we have a forum like this to help him in his quest to
eradicate corruption.  Time may not be on
our side.  If we fail, then we must all
blame ourselves for letting this happen. 
Already we have drawn up a National Integrity Plan and established a
National Integrity Institute. The Prime Minister is strongly supporting the
Institute.  But we need strong
enforcement action to show that crime does not pay.  We must really put the fear of God into the
corrupt,  so that the corrupt will know
that “the softest pillow is still a clear conscience”.

 

Lets
us comes together to becomes more proactive to ensure the corruption among our
Navy People will not happen again.

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