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Recycling
is the key initiatives to reduce waste materials and the process of turning
waste materials into usable materials to divert trash from landfills, which
brings many advantages and benefits to different areas. To help the
environment, we need to start recycling thrown bottles, paper, glass, plastic,
and much more which will make the environment clean, green and healthy. According
to the US Environmental Protection Agency, “Recycling is the process of
re-using a given product (beyond its intended use), or producing a new product
from a recyclable material turns that would otherwise become waste into
valuable resources.” (EPA).
Recycling is the only way that can save our environment from deteriorate so it
has become very important now days and for our future lives because it saves
energy, reduces landfill, protects wildlife, and is also good for the economy.
So, we need to make everyone aware about the importance of recycling and we should
also understand its importance to make this program successful for the
betterment of environment. 

         Some poor countries are facing the
large problem of unhealthy environment which has affected their health and not
only the poor countries but everyone on earth has suffered due to the massive
production of waste, a large problem with trash build up on our Earth. Because
of the unorganized production of waste material, it has affected public health,
environment pollution and threatens to drown some poor countries in toxicity. The
non-recycled materials go into landfills or be dumped into the ocean which pollute
water and leak methane gas into the atmosphere which not only affects the human
being but also the whole eco system. Similarly, as the paper we used are not
recycled, it causes deforestation because more trees will be cut down, reducing
the world’s oxygen, increasing the carbon dioxide and causes deforestation.

          We will
also have to face the problem of electricity, if we do not recycle aluminum
cans because lots of the world’s energy will be used to make aluminum from
scratch. Likewise, we are also going to run out of space to hide all the
trashes, if we don’t recycle the things that can be recycled such as glasses
and trash bags, which we can easily re-use than manufacture. The major problem
of throwing trash bags is that when the trash bags are dumped into the water, which
are mistaken by sea turtles for jellyfish, and we end up killing them. Another major
problem that affects the earth’s climate system is Global warming which releases
carbon dioxide into the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere using energy
generated from burning fossil fuels and causes air pollution, destruction of
forest and emergence of new illnesses and deaths.

 

          We can see in the above statistics
presented by the World Bank report on 2011 that many develop countries
generating the most waste.  Though being
the most developed countries, we can see in the figure that, The United States,
China, Brazil, Japan and Germany are the leading trash generators. Being one of
the developed country, U.S. produced the most waste about 624,700 metrics of
waste per day in 2011. Similarly, another most develop country, China which has
population around four times larger than that of the U.S. is close behind, with
520,548 metrics of waste per day. “The more urbanized and industrialized a
country becomes, the more trash it produces,” said Ijjasz-Vasquez, a senior
director for the World Bank’s Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience Global
Practice as cited in (Simmons).
Because of the population growth, urbanization and rising consumption, The
United Nations Environment Program predicts that the amount of waste will
probably double in lower-income African and Asian cities. (EPA).

 

Reasons for Recycling:

 

 

 

          In today’s world, Recycling has become important
because it is good for all the human beings, environment and eco-system. Since
we are making new products from the old products, which are of no use to us, we
need to continue doing it and make other people aware too, so we can save the
environment together. There are many reasons to recycle and the Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA) has enumerated some benefits associated with recycling.

·        
Recycling save resources by converting the
waste materials into the usable materials which reduces the need to consume
natural resources and helps to helps conserve important raw materials and also
protects natural habitats for the future.

·        
Recycling saves energy by converting the
use of more energy that is required in the manufacturing process into less
energy by producing new products from raw materials that are ready for
industry.

·        
Recycling helps protect the environment by
reducing the pollution created by waste materials such as air pollution and
water pollution. It helps to prevent deforestation which protects habitat
destruction and global warming.

·        
Recycling reduces incineration by
reprocessing recyclable materials which needs extracting, refining and
processing raw materials and saves the energy needed for the further process.

 

SOLUTIONS:

Everyone
can do recycling easily starting from their home and practicing the concept of
recycling will benefit us in our everyday life.

·        
Waste Reduction: Stop Throwing Things Out:
The first thing to keep in mind is that we need to stop throwing things outside
which can be recycled. Every state and local authority has been suffering from
the problem of ineffective waste disposal system so, there every state should adopted
regulatory strategies to discourage dependence on landfills. For example,
California enacted a law that established a baseline for solid waste its cities
and towns send to landfills in 1990. By 1995, that amount reduced by 25
percent; and by the year 2000, it reduced to 50 percent. Therefore, California
now diverts more than 25 percent of its waste, resulting in disposal of
approximately 33 million tons per year. (Knudson) .

·        
There should be an effective waste
disposal and management system which can offer improved solutions for the various
problems associated with waste materials in the community. It helps to encourage
higher environmental protection by implementing he strategy that looks after
the landfills are purposefully located to ease waste collection, transfer, and
monitoring or recycling.

·        
There should be waste diversion plans that
every local authorities and state should implement which makes certain that
there is convenient and proper waste disposal at landfills and waste transfer
facilities by mandating equipment standards which can enhance the environmental
performance of waste disposal operations (Gorrie).

·        
The policy for Recycle, Re-use, and reduce
should be implemented which recycles electronic wastes, plastics, paper, metal,
glass and other non-biodegradable materials providing an effective means of
reducing the landfill effects. After recycling those materials, it reduces the
high demand for manufactured products and helps to embrace re-use that can
equally favor reduction to both the toxicity and volume of waste that end up in
the landfill as waste (Flavell-While). 

 

 COUNTER
ARGUMENT:

          Although
recycling is the key initiative to control waste materials, it might cost more
while processing the raw materials into new products so, it is not always
cost-effective. It requires a lot of capital to buy different kinds of utility
vehicles, upgrade the recycling unit, waste, and chemical disposal and to
conduct awareness programs for the locals to initiate recycling. It costs $28
per ton to landfill waste compared with $147 a ton to recycle says the author Harvey
Black of the Environmental Health Perspectives Journal, in San Jose, California
(Harvey).

           Similarly, due to lots of waste materials it
is Recycling sites are unhygienic, unsafe and unsightly. The waste materials
produce harmful which can be dangerous and also causes massive pollution. The
people working on recycling sites have to take a major health risk because if they
come into the contact of harmful chemicals, they might lose their life. Harmful
chemicals from waste material not only affects the human beings but also the environment
and animals which are living in the earth. For example, if waste products that we
throw come into contact with water, it results in the formation of leachate
that ends up polluting water bodies, not to mention drinking water which caused
fever, stomach pain, typhoid, diarrhea and Jaundice.

          According
to Mary Bauer, a senior executive currently working as a management consultant
and communications expert says, recycling saves energy, reduces pollution,
preserves trees and conserves landfill space, but it is a messy process that
uses caustic chemicals and produces harmful byproducts and emissions. (Mary).

        

CONCLUSION:

        After knowing these disadvantages of
recycling, an individual need to take wise decision and take significant steps
involved in recycling process. If the effects of recycling are carried out effectively
it can benefit every human being from protecting environment. Though there are some
disadvantages of recycling, it’s benefits outweigh the risks related with the
mismanagement of dump sites because it is for the good cause and helps everyone
to understand the importance of healthy environment. Similarly, the government
is also implementing effective waste management to preserve and protect our planet
so everyone of us should take the initiative to recycle waste material starting
from our home. 

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